14 weeks pregnant: Physiological Changes & More

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14 weeks pregnant

There are many fascinating things about science, from the enormous size of the universe to the invisible size of subatomic particles. However, the whole concept of a life growing inside another life is just bizarre. It would be strange if something as big as that lets you become the whole normal for the whole gestation period. Of course, this whole situation differs from person to person, and while some others are exactly normal some experience significant changes. I’m here for my girls who do.

The pregnancy is divided into three trimesters; each trimester for 3 months making it  9 months after the first trimester. The first three months are significant changes in the body, this is where for most women morning sickness is intense (vomiting and nausea). Also, the pregnant mother might experience excessive tiredness because the pregnancy is still burdensome to the body that hasn’t adopted yet. Also the strange craving and mood swings but that is mainly due to hormonal changes.  Some also experience frequent urination and that is mainly because of the growing uterus pressing on the bladder making it harder to conserve the same volume of urine as it id initially. That’s it for the first trimester and it lasts for about 12 weeks. before coming to the second trimester.

What happens in the second trimester?

It's the middle phase of the gestation period. This lasts from 13 weeks to 28 weeks of pregnancy. It's a while of another three full months but today we are going to focus on what happens at that fourteenth week, yes that very week. 

Physiological changes of the mother

Weight gain- this is because the baby is still growing inside you so there is a higher chance of experiencing weight gain.

Nausea/ morning sickness- this, however, is not an issue for many women in the second trimester as their bodies have already adapted to the pregnancy. However nausea is still severed by this time of the pregnancy you may want to see a doctor, so to know about your health and that of the baby. A condition called hyperemesis gravidarum is characterized by excess vomiting. The good news is all these can be treated and controlled when you go to a hospital. If it's normal nausea try not to eat too much at once, eat smaller portions several times a day, drink enough water. Is some smells like perfumes or hot temperatures make you nauseated avoid such places and smell so it would be best for you and baby.

Stomach pains,   an expectant mother might experience sharp pains at the sides of the stomach. However, this is not a red flag, as it's just stretching of the womb as the baby grows in size.

Increased sex drive, this is because there is an increase in blood flow in the pelvic area. Since the bump is not an uncomfortably big bump it is completely safe to have sex until later stages or until the doctor says otherwise. This can help to strengthen the bond with your partner. It is also another way to stay active.

Mood swings, by the time the second trimester has begun many moods, have stabilized and not sporadic as the first trimester. Always find someone total to be it your co-parent or friend when stressed about upcoming motherhood and parenthood assuming you decided to keep the baby after all or if you have decided to give up the baby for adoption or other parents, this is the moment you want to avoid stress at all cost because it’s not just you and the baby is old enough to be affected.

Lessened breast tenderness; the breasts are not as tender as they were in the first trimester.

Increased appetite; since morning sickness is going away the is a large increase in appetite. Also since by this time, there is the rapid growth of the baby a mother needs a lot of foot and if she is expecting twice she should have 700 extra calories. Always have healthy snacks and avoid too much fat. An abnormal balanced diet is ok.

Body glow; the skin gets shinier (for some mothers)hair gets thicker. This is one of the good sides of getting pregnant.

Physiological changes of the baby

The baby is now 85mm about the size of kiwi fruit.

By the time you can hear babies heartbeat using Doppler ultrasound. Some organs are more developed eg. the kidneys can produce urine and the baby liver produces bile. The urine however is excreted through the amniotic fluid. The limbs can now flex. This helps the baby to practice moving hands to mouth. 

The lungs and digestive system are starting to branch out. This means the baby is getting ready for life outside the womb.

Some psychological changes may include.

Anxiety; since after twelve weeks of pregnancy, the chances for miscarriage are lower. a woman is expected to feel relieved, less anxious, and happy. 

However 10% of pregnant women have mental health issue during pregnancy but it is sometimes ignored by both women and health professionals, but if you are worried to fall into depression you might need to seek professional help as it might worsen after birth

Things to do when 14th-month pregnancy.

Treat constipation, constipation is a very common symptom during pregnancy and can easily be taken care of by drinking lots of fluids and water, eating fiber-rich foods, do body exercises regularly to avoid constipation.

Be active; pregnant women should be active for  both her and the baby, regular exercise also reduces some unnecessary complications during birth

Prevent nasal congestion; drink plenty of water and use humidifiers to loosen the mucus also a gentle compress on the face might help

Take care of skin, while some people glow during pregnancy it doesn’t happen to everyone. Some get skin moles and also this is normal and shouldn’t set an alarmist advised to visit a dermatologist.

Last and not least learn everything you can about pregnancy and parenthood. I believe as the fetus grows so should a woman because she is now becoming a mother. You have about nine months to prepare for that bouncing baby, make the time worthwhile.

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